Chased. In the shape of a cross. For more definitions and video examples of ballet terms, visit American Ballet Theatre’s Ballet Dictionary here. In the French School the term is used to indicate a position or direction of the body similar to effacé, that is, à la quatriéme devant ouvert or effacé devant en l’air. On the half-points. • Ballon. Same as pas de bourrée suivi. In the Russian school the term relevé is also used to mean the slow raising of the stretched leg to 90 degree in any direction. There are two kinds of ronds de jambe à terre: those done en dedans (inward) and those done en dehors (outward). The Cecchetti method has five standard positions with a derivative of the fourth position and two derivatives of the fifth position. The whipping leg should be at hip level, with the foot closing in to the knee of the supporting leg. The word “Ballet” itself is French in origin, ballet is a classical dance form with flowing patterns to create expression through movement. In ballets of the romantic style, the tutu falls to below the calf. As, for example, in assemblé dessus. When a grand plié is executed in either the first, third or fourth position croisé (feet in the fifth position but separated by the space of one foot) or the fifth position, the heels always rise off the ground and are lowered again as the knees straighten. A step of beating in which the dancer jumps into the air and rapidly crosses the legs before and behind each other. This is an exercise at the bar in which the working foot is held sur le cou-de-pied and the lower part of the leg moves out and in, changing the foot from sur le cou-de-pied devant to sur le cou-de-pied derrière and vice versa. Large pirouette in the second position. Disengaged battement. As, for example, in glissade en arriére. A beating action of the extended or bent leg. Both legs should be fully turned out during the jump. In the Russian School, ballotté is performed traveling forward on ballotté en avant and backward on ballotté en arrire to the place from which the first jump began. The force of momentum is furnished by the arms, which remain immobile during the turn. The term port de bras has two meanings: (1) A movement or series of movements made by passing the arm or arms through various positions. Click here to study/print these flashcards. Time developed, developing movement. There are two kinds of échappés: échappé sauté, which is done with a spring from the fifth position and finishes in a demi-plié in the open position, and échappé sur les pointes, or demi-pointes, which is done with a relevé and has straight knees when in the open position. In the French School and the Cecchetti method, ballotté is performed on one spot. Battements tendus may also be done with a demi-plié in the first or fifth position. Ballet should look effortless; likewise, this quiz/worksheet combo will help you effortlessly recall key concepts and vocabulary in ballet. Caper. Also termed “changement battu.” Fifth position R foot front. Create your own flash cards! Ballet Terminology is very important to learn for anyone starting with this form of dance. Execute a pirouette en dehors on the L leg. A position in which the thigh is raised to the second position en l’air with the knee bent so that the pointed toe rests in front of, behind or to the side of the supporting knee. Fifth position R foot front. This involves a high degree of flexibility and should be used to do nearly all ballet … Interweaving or braiding. As, for example, in assemblé dessous. A barre is a horizontal bar that is either fastened to walls or free standing that dancers use for additional support to perform exercises. Glide. In steps and exercises the term en dehors indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l’air, moves in a circular direction, clockwise. A step of low elevation performed to a quick tempo. Low 5 th Position: (5 en bas) Hands hold a nest. Grands battements en cloche are continuous grands battements executed from the fourth position front or back en l’air to the fourth position back or front en l’air, passing through the first position. The feet are on the same line but with a distance of about one foot between the heels. Fondu on the L leg, at the same time opening the R leg to the second position en l’air. Contretemps (con-treh-tump) Counter beating. Chains, links. The grandes sissonnes are sissonne ouverte at 90 degrees, sissonne renversée and sissonne soubresaut. This jeté is done in all directions and in a circle. Occasionally the term may refer to a lowering of the working foot from a position pointe tendue to the ground and reraising it to the position pointe tendue, as in battement tendu relevé. In a diagonal. 09/28/2010. A complete turn of the body on one foot, on point or demi-pointe. If an assemblé is en tournant it must be preceded by a preparatory step. A term of the French School used to indicate that the dancer turns slowly in place on one foot by a series of slight movements of the heel to the required side while maintaining a definite pose such as an arabesque or attitude. Demi-plié and, with a little spring, open the feet to the second or fourth position sur les pointes. Plié means to bend or bending. Opposite (the audience); facing the audience. A raising of the body on the points or demi-pointes, point or demi-pointe. When the foot reaches the position pointe tendue, it then returns to the first or fifth position. Cabrioles are divided into two categories: petite, which are executed at 45 degrees, and grande, which are executed at 90 degrees. Basque jump. In the Russian and French Schools, the pointed toe is brought to retiré devant before extending the leg forward or to retiré derrière before extending the leg backward. Understanding the basic positions is a great place to start when beginning … When performing a développé to second position, the front foot is brought to retiré devant and then extended, or the back foot is brought to retiré derrière and then extended. Marching step. Échappés may also be done en croix. À la seconde: “To the second position” or “to the side,” as in plié à la seconde or grand battement à la seconde. It is a jump from both feet onto one foot with the exception of sissonne fermée, sissonne tombée and sissonne fondue, which finish on two feet. Executed by stepping directly on the point or demi-pointe of the working foot in any desired direction or position with the other foot raised in the air. Pas jeté means "throwing step" and usually refers to a jump or a leap. A term of the French School. They may be done en face, croisé, effacé or écarté. Same as piqué tour en dedans. A traveling step executed by gliding the working foot from the fifth position in the required direction, the other foot closing to it. The accent of the movement comes when the foot is in the second position en l’air. In the Cecchetti method, the working foot is brought up to the retiré position with the toe pointed at the side of the knee (retiré de côté) before extending the leg in the required direction. The toe of the working foot describes an oval, the extreme ends of which are the second position en l’air and the supporting leg. 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